United Kingdom flag

When facing workplace disputes or issues, understanding your rights and the potential outcomes of an employment tribunal claim is crucial. Whether it’s unfair dismissal, discrimination, or unpaid wages, knowing what you can expect from an employment tribunal can empower you to take the next steps. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the intricacies of employment tribunals in the UK, breaking down the process, what you can claim for, and how Contend’s revolutionary AI legal technology can assist you every step of the way.

Introduction to Employment Tribunals

An employment tribunal is a legal proceeding that resolves disputes between employers and employees. These tribunals are less formal than courts but still follow specific legal rules. Understanding the scope of what you can claim and the process involved is the first step towards seeking justice for workplace grievances.

Contend, your AI-driven legal assistant, is here to simplify the complexities of employment law. Our platform, developed by legal experts, offers personalized guidance, helping you navigate through your legal journey with confidence.

What can I claim in an employment tribunal?

Identifying Your Claim

Before diving into the tribunal process, it’s essential to identify the nature of your claim. Employment tribunals cover a wide range of issues, including but not limited to:

  • Unfair dismissal
  • Discrimination based on age, gender, race, disability, sexual orientation, or religion
  • Wage disputes, including unpaid wages and holiday pay
  • Breach of contract
  • Redundancy payments

Understanding the specific issue you’re facing is crucial in determining the appropriate course of action and the potential outcomes of your claim.

How do I determine the nature of my employment claim?
Employment: oitfet

The Tribunal Process: What to Expect

Navigating through an employment tribunal can be daunting. However, breaking down the process into manageable steps can help demystify what lies ahead.

Step 1: Early Conciliation

Before filing a claim, you must contact ACAS (Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service) for early conciliation. This free service aims to resolve disputes without going to a tribunal. If conciliation fails or is deemed inappropriate, you’ll receive a certificate to proceed with your claim.

Step 2: Submitting Your Claim

Once early conciliation is complete, you can submit your claim using the ET1 form, detailing the nature of your dispute. It’s crucial to provide comprehensive information and adhere to strict deadlines, usually within three months of the incident.

Step 3: The Response

Your employer will respond to your claim with an ET3 form, outlining their defense. This response sets the stage for the tribunal hearing, highlighting the points of contention between both parties.

Step 4: The Hearing

Employment tribunal hearings are conducted by a panel, including a legally qualified employment judge and sometimes lay members with employment experience. During the hearing, both parties present evidence and witness statements. Legal representation is not mandatory but can be beneficial.

Step 5: The Decision

After considering the evidence, the tribunal will issue a judgment. If you’re successful, the tribunal will also determine the remedy, which may include compensation, reinstatement, or re-engagement.

How can I best prepare my ET1 form to ensure my claim is strong?

What You Can Claim

The outcome of an employment tribunal varies depending on the nature of your claim. Compensation is the most common remedy, calculated based on your losses. This can include:

  • Lost wages
  • Future loss of earnings
  • Injury to feelings (in discrimination cases)

In some cases, the tribunal may order your employer to reinstate you to your previous position or re-engage you in a different role.

How much compensation could I claim in my case?

How Contend Can Help

At Contend, we understand the stress and confusion that can accompany legal disputes. Our AI legal assistant is designed to provide quick, personalized legal guidance. By chatting with our AI, you can gain clarity on your legal situation, understand your rights, and prepare for your tribunal claim.

Our platform is built on the expertise of legal professionals, ensuring reliable and trustworthy advice. With Contend, you’re not alone in your legal journey. Our goal is to make legal support accessible, helping you navigate through your employment tribunal claim with confidence.

How can I prepare for my employment tribunal claim?


Facing an employment tribunal can be challenging, but understanding the process and knowing what you can claim are the first steps toward achieving a favorable outcome. With the right preparation and support, you can navigate through your tribunal claim more effectively.

Contend is here to simplify legal complexities, offering AI-driven guidance tailored to your unique situation. If you’re facing a legal dispute with your employer, chat now with Contend’s legal expert to understand more and take action. Together, we can work towards resolving your legal problems, ensuring you receive the justice you deserve.

For more info, check out some of our related articles:

Check if Contend can help you with your issue

Solve your legal question quickly
and easily with Contend.

This material is for general information only and does not constitute
tax, legal or any other form of advice. You should not rely on any
information contained herein to make (or refrain from making) any
decisions. Always obtain independent, professional advice for your
own particular situation. Contend Inc is not regulated by the
Solicitor’s Regulation Authority.